The Govind National park or the Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary is a national park located in Uttarakhand, India. It was initially a wildlife Sanctuary established to save several endangered species of Flora and Fauna and was later converted into a national park. This 958 sq km park was established in 1995 and was named after a prominent freedom fighter and politician, Govind Ballabh Pant.
The park is located in the higher Himalayas with the altitude at the base 1400 metres to 6323 metres above sea level at the top. The eighth Five year plan of the snow leopard project started by the government is being managed in this park. It also houses the rare species of the bearded vulture which is a vital catalyst of our ecological system.
The park is extremely rich in Flora and Fauna. With the Western Himalayan broadleaf forests at the bottom to the western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows at the top with the western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests in the middle. Chir, pine, deodar, cedar, oak are some of the trees which can be easily spotted on the lower elevations. As we go higher we can see conifers such as blue pine, silver fir, spuce, yew and deciduous trees such as oak, maple, walnut, horse chestnut, hazel and rhododendron.
The park is extremely rich in its Fauna and houses 150 rare and endangered species of birds and 15 species of mammals. The commonly spotted mammals in the park are – Asian black bear, brown bear, musk deer, Bharal, Indian crested porcupine, European otter, goral, hedgehog etc.
Birds like the bearded vulture, the golden eagle, steppe eagle, black eagle, Himalayan snowcock, Cheer pheasant can also be seen. Smaller birds like owls, pigeons, minivets, bulbuls, and parakeets are easy to spot.
The best time to visit the sanctuary is from April- June and September- November. The park should be avoided during the monsoon due to heavy rainfall.
PLACES TO VISIT
Some nearby excursions include the Har-ki-dun valley which is a remote valley close to the sanctuary and offers several picturesque views. This place attracts a lot of tourists and trekkers.
The river tons which is a major source of water and enriches the flora and fauna of the region can also be visited.
Other excrusions include the Ruinsartal, Kedarnath and other peaks like Swargarohini, Black peak, and the Bandepoonch peak.
HOW TO REACH
By air: nearest airport is the Jolly Grant, Dehradun (225 km)
By train: Nearest railway station is the Dehradun railway station (205 kms)
By road: It is well connected to the roads by Dehradun.
Nearby cities: Uttarkashi
Entry fees and other permits: Minimal entry fee with additional fees for camera and video cameras. The fees are subjected to change with seasons.