Mussoorie – The Queen of the Hills
Mussoorie is a hill station in the Dehradun district of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is situated on the foothills of the Garhwal Himalayan range and is known as the “Queen of the Hills”. It was discovered by an English army officer named Young in 1827 and was an exclusive colonial resort during the British Raj. It is located at an altitude of 2000 m above sea level, spread over a ridge and offering beautiful views of the Ganga on one side, the Yamuna on the other, Doon Valley and Shiwalik ranges in the south and snow capped Himalayan mountains like Bandarpoonch, Srikantha, the Gangotri group and the Chaukhamba.
The town was never a summer capital like Shimla and was never made official, it was the honeymoon capital of India. Mussoorie is the gateway to Yamunotri and Gangotri, which are popular Hindu shrines in North India.
Mussoorie Weather –
SUMMER- (April- June)
Mussoorie escapes the heat of summer as it is located on a high altitude. The maximum temperature is 30°C and minimum is 10°C. Due to the favorable climate, this is the peak season for tourism in Mussoorie.
WINTER- (End of October – Mid February )
Winters are very cold here and the temperature may drop down to as low as 1°C at night. During the daytime, it can increase up to 10°C. There is occasional snowfall, which may lead to roadblocks and hamper travel. Therefore, this season is not prefered for tourism.
MONSOON- ( July- September )
There is heavy rainfall here during the monsoon months, which makes it unsuitable for trekking and travelling. The end of September sees the onset of spring and there is lush vegetation everywhere.
The best time to visit Mussoorie is either during the spring season (September to November) or between the months of April and June.
HOW TO REACH MUSSOORIE-
Mussoorie is located 35 km from the state’s capital Dehradun and 290 km north of the nation’s capital Delhi.
The nearest international airport is Delhi and the nearest national airport is Jollygrant in Dehradun. Indian Airlines connects Delhi to Dehradun.
The nearest railway station is Dehradun. It is a northern railway terminus which is connected to all major cities in the country like Delhi, Mumbai, Howrah, Lucknow, Varanasi, Amritsar, Saharanpur, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Allahabad, Ujjain, Indore, Kathgodam and Okha.
From Dehradun, there are buses and taxis available to reach Mussoorie directly. There are also many bus services to Mussoorie from other tourist destinations in Uttar Pradesh. There are also buses from Delhi.
This lake is situated on the Mussoorie-Dehradun road and offers the chance of pedalled boating. One has beautiful views of the Doon valley and nearby villages from here.
Camel’s Back Road-
This road is a 4 km stretch which begins at the rink at Kulri Bazaar and ends at Library Bazaar. It is the perfect place to view the sunset and a life like resemblance of a sitting camel. One can also enjoy long walks and horse riding here.
Gun hill is the second highest peak of Mussoorie and is located at an elevation of 2122 m above sea level. It is located 400 m above The Mall and offers panoramic views of the Himalayan ranges and Doon valley. Before India’s independence, there was a gun mounted atop this hill which fired at mid-day so that people could adjust their watches.
Today, Gun hill houses Mussoorie’s water reservoir. It can be reached with a ropeway which travels a distance of 400m or the bridle path which forks off from Kutchery, which takes 20 minutes.
This is one of the most crowded places in Mussoorie. There are many restaurants, shops and hotels on this road and is a popular hangout. The Methodist Church located on this road is about 100 years old and the structure of the road takes you back to the British era.
This lake is located 5 km before Kempty Falls and 10 km before Mussoorie. This is a picnic spot with boating facilities. There are hotels in the vicinity and accommodation is available, too. The lake has the Kempty river flowing through it and there are many small waterfalls which are made by the river.